Thursday, July 27, 2017
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Glossary

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Airport Body Scanners Images: These back scatter x-ray machines use ionizing radiation to create the image.  No amount of ionizing radiation is safe, and exposure to it is cumulative throughout your lifetime.  One of the known and well documented risks of ionizing radiation is cancer.  Avoid exposure to these airport scanners.

Amenorrhea: a total cessation of the menstrual period.

Androgen excess: High testosterone, which is produced by the ovarian cysts.  Signs include excess hair, acne and sometimes obesity.

Anovulation is a menstrual cycle where the ovaries do not release an egg.  Sometimes your periods stop completely. There are several possible causes, including being overweight or underweight, coming off the Pill, thyroid or adrenal problems, hormone imbalances, or PCOS.

However, you may still have bleeding, though you did not ovulate.  So you may not even know this is happening.

Anovulation may also mean that you are pregnant.

Asana:  what is commonly referred to as yoga can be more accurately described by the Sanskrit word asana which refers to the practice of physical postures or poses.

Attitude is a complex mental state involving beliefs and feelings and values and dispositions to act in certain ways.

Basal Body Temperature  (aka Basal Temperature) is the lowest temperature attained by the body during rest (usually during sleep). It is generally measured immediately after awakening and before any physical activity has been undertaken, although the temperature measured at that time is somewhat higher than the true basal body temperature. In women, ovulation causes an increase of one-half to one degree Fahrenheit (one-quarter to one-half degree Celsius) in basal body temperature (BBT).

The higher levels of estrogen present during the pre-ovulatory (follicular) phase of the menstrual cycle lower BBTs. The higher levels of progesterone released by the corpus luteum after ovulation raise BBTs.

Basal Thermometer:  measures the basal body temperature, which rises after ovulation has occurred.  This is only helpful to better understand your fertility signs and to confirm that you did ovulate.  However it does not help you get pregnant in the current menstrual cycle.

Other names include basal body thermometer or digital basal thermometer.

Bentonite Clay: Adsorptive abilities lie in the fact that its molecules are negatively charges. So as it passes through the intestinal tract it attracts the toxins which are positively charged. When they are in contact with each other, they swap ions and are bound together and the toxic molecule is adsorbed by the clay molecule.  The clay with adsorbed toxins is removed with normal bowel movements.

Take 2 hours away from medications.  Use with caution and guidance of your physician if you are pregnant or elderly.

Bentonite clay may contain trace amounts of aluminum, which scientists have found to be a neurotoxic to fetuses. Aluminum has been linked to stunted growth, congenital neural tube defects and delayed bone tissue formation.

Biological half-life: the time an organism takes to eliminate one half the amount of a compound or chemical on a strictly biological basis

Breakthrough Bleeding is abnormal bleeding that occurs between menstrual periods.  It is not the normal bleeding of the menstrual cycle that follows ovulation and not becoming pregnant.  You may not even recognize that it is abnormal.  It is believed to be due to hormonal fluctuations.  It usually resolves on its own in a few months.  See Anovulation.

Causes of male infertility include:



Sperm defects are the most common cause of male infertility. Abnormal shape, movement and concentration of sperm can all cause infertility. Low sperm count is common.



Varicocele is an enlargement of veins that drain blood from the testicle back to the heart. This condition is present in 15% of the male population and 40% of infertile men. It is associated with abnormal sperm.



Undescended testicle is know as cryptoorchidism. It is the absence of one or both testes from the scrotum. It is often present at birth, and should be addressed. When the testicle has not properly descended into the scrotum the temperature is too warm for normal sperm production.



Obstructions may be caused by scarring of the structures that carry the sperm, most commonly from trauma, surgery or infections.



Retrograde ejaculation is where semen is ejaculated into the bladder rather than out through the urethra because the bladder sphincter does not close during ejaculation. This condition may be treated with medications or surgical reconstruction of the bladder.



Genetic abnormalities include conditions such as Klinefelter's Syndrome. This is where each cell in the human body has an additional X chromosome. Physical symptoms include peanut-sized testicles and enlarged breasts. If this condition is treated in its early stages, sperm production may improve.



Sperm antibodies is where your own body is making antibodies against your sperm. They are most common after a vasectomy, and complicate successful reversal of this procedure. Hormone deficiencies can cause male infertility. The brain may fail to release the proper hormones to stimulate testosterone, men may have too much estrogen, or low thyroid hormone levels. Only a small percentage of male infertility is caused by hormone problems.



Illnesses or diseases can cause male infertility. Illnesses include mumps, tuberculosis, brucellosis, typhoid, influenza, smallpox, gonorrhea, chlamydia and syphilis. Diseases include diabetes, high blood pressure, heart problems cystic fibrosis, and sickle cell anemia.



Toxins include cigarettes, alcohol, many of the illegal drugs, such as cocaine and marijuana. Medications can also be toxic to sperm production. Examples are antibiotics, blood pressure medications, steroids, statins, antidepressants, and Propecia (used for hair loss). Environmental toxins include lubricants,pesticides, lead, paint, radiation, radioactive substances, mercury, benzene, boron, and heavy metals.

Cervical mucus is the discharge from the vagina. This mucus is necessary to keep the sperm alive until it is able to meet up with the egg after it is released from the ovary. When you are fertile this mucus will become thick and slippery. It often is like raw egg whites, and may stretch an inch or more between your fingers. It is like this during your most fertile days, and is often called fertile mucus.

Also known as: Os

Cervical Os: The opening of the cervix where it projects into the vaginal canal.  Menstrual blood passes through this small opening.  During childbirth, the os dilates ten centimeters to allow the baby to be born.

Cervix: the lowest part of your uterus. It can be felt at the top of your vagina. Your cervix changes when you are fertile. The changes may take some time to recognize. When you are fertile your cervix will be wet (from the fertile mucus), higher, softer and more open.

Cod Liver Oil: A supplement made from the liver of cod fish.  It contains high levels of omega-3 fatty acids, EPA, DHA and high levels of vitamins A and D.  Fermented cod liver oil is made by the traditional method of fermenting the cod livers, and no heat is used.  Thousands of micronutrients are present in this oil, including several natural forms of vitamin A and D.  It is truly a whole food supplement.

Most cod liver oil is made by cooking the whole cod body tissues of fatty fish during the manufacture of fish meal. This process destroys the natural vitamin A and D present in cod livers.

Fish oil is similar, but has much lower levels of vitamins A and D.

All fish-based supplements may contain toxins such as mercury and PCBs found in fish.  Make sure the supplement is tested regularly for purity.


Also see: Fermented Cod Liver Oil

Corpus Luteum develops from a follicle in the ovary during the second half of the menstrual cycle (luteal phase), after ovulation.  It secretes progesterone, and its purpose is to maintain pregnancy.

Coverline:  a line that separates your lower, preovulatory temperatures from your higher, postovulatory ones.


  • Look for a rise in temperature of at least 0.2 degree F higher than any of your last six temperatures

  • Locate the highest of the six temperatures before this rise

  • Draw a line 0.1 degree F above this temperature.  This is your coverline for this cycle.


Dietary supplements are preparations intended to supplement the diet and provide nutrients. A supplement may include vitamins and minerals, fiber, fatty acids or amino acids. It may also include hormones and herbs. It may be a concentrate, metabolite, constituent, extract or combination of any of these.



They may not be derived from foods at all, but chemicals artificially produced.  Very few are made from concentrated and minimally processed whole foods.

Effects of Nuclear Radiation: High levels of exposure cause acute radiation sickness and if that is survived, the same long term consequences as low levels of exposure.  All nuclear radiation exposure causes cell membrane damage, and ultimately can cause cancer.  Many other health issues are associated with radiation exposure.  There are NO safe dose of radiation, none at all.

Epididymis is the tightly coiled, very small tubes covering the back and sides of the testis, where sperm collect after leaving the testis

Essential Fatty Acids are fatty acids that the body cannot make and must be obtained from food.  Luckily they are present in essentially all whole foods, and the body only needs them in small amounts.  Good sources include nuts, seeds, some grains, eggs, organ meats and fish (if the animals are raised naturally), and green vegetables (if raised organically).

Also known as: Fat-soluble Vitamins

Fat Soluble Vitamins include vitamins A, D, E and K2.  They are critically important for your health.  You need them to make hormones, for absorption of your minerals, to prevent birth defects, for immune function, for the proper development of your fetus, and much more.

The best sources for these vitamins include raw dairy products, organ meats, shellfish and fish, egg yolks, grass-fed animal products, and cod liver oil.

Fermented Cod Liver Oil: A supplement made from the liver of cod fish.  It contains high levels of omega-3 fatty acids, EPA, DHA and high levels of vitamins A and D.  Fermented cod liver oil is made by the traditional method of fermenting the cod livers, and no heat is used.  Thousands of micronutrients are present in this oil, including several natural forms of vitamin A and D.  It is truly a whole food supplement.



Most cod liver oil is made by cooking the whole cod body tissues of fatty fish during the manufacture of fish meal. This process destroys the natural vitamin A and D present in cod livers.



Fish oil is similar, but has much lower levels of vitamins A and D.



All fish-based supplements may contain toxins such as mercury and PCBs found in fish.  Make sure the supplement is tested regularly for purity.



Also see: Cod Liver Oil

Ferning occurs when you are fertile, due to salt crystals in your saliva. The term ferning describes what these salt crystals look like under a microscope after your saliva dries. You need a 50x lens to see these patterns. You can get a small microscope designed just for this.

Fertile mucus is the cervical mucus discharge from your vagina during your most fertile days. This mucus is necessary to keep the sperm alive until it is able to meet up with the egg after it is released from the ovary. When you are fertile this mucus will become thick and slippery. It often is like raw egg whites, and may stretch an inch or more between your fingers.

Fertility Chart:  a chart that helps you keep track of all of your fertility signs and signs of ovulation.  This includes basal temperature, cervical mucus and cervix changes, saliva ferning,  hormone changes, and many others.

Fertility Charting Software:  allows you to track and graphically display your cycle data, print to a calendar, and much more.

Fertility Days Calculator:  the same thing as an ovulation calculator.  It is an online tool that helps you predict your most fertile days by projecting the day on which you will ovulate.  The calculation is based on the length of your menstrual cycle and the first day of your last menstrual period. It is only accurate if you have a regular menstrual cycle, with the same number of days between each period.

Fertility Diet:  the optimum diet to prepare for conception, increase your chances of becoming pregnant, to have a healthy pregnancy and a healthy baby.

VERY IMPORTANT!

Fertility Monitor:  any tool that helps you to identify your ovulation.  Examples include:


  • Urine LH Stick

  • Saliva Ferning Microscope

  • Saliva Electrolyte Monitor

  • Urine Electronic Monitor

  • Perspiration Change Monitor

  • Basal Thermometer

  • Charts, Wheels, Calendars and Fertility Software to track fertility data




Folic Acid is a water soluble B vitamin.  It is essential for preventing neural tube defects in children.  It is essential for cell metabolism, the brain, preventing cancer, reducing the chance of strokes and multiple other health benefits.



Follicle, or ovarian follicle, is a special group of cells found in the ovary.  These cells grow and develop, culminating in ovulation (or release) of an egg.  This happens once every menstrual cycle.

Also known as: Follicle Stimulating Hormone

Follicle-Stimulating Hormone (FSH) is a hormone secreted by the pituitary gland in the brain.

In a woman, FSH stimulates the production of eggs and the hormone estrogen.

In a man, FSH stimulates production of sperm.

Follicular Phase, or proliferative phase, is the first half of the menstrual cycle, ending with ovulation.



Estrogen is the predominant hormone during this phase.

Good nutrition is actually very simple. Eat whole, fresh foods. Start with fresh meats and vegetables with butter. This is simple, fresh, quick, delicious and nutritious. Preferably meat from grass fed animals and organic vegetables and fruits.



Avoid processed foods of all kinds. Just think of the difference between a corn chip and fresh corn, between processed lunch meats and a piece of chicken.

Grassland Meats are meats from animals that are grass fed.  This includes grassland beef, bison, lamb, and poultry.  Pigs are not a grass eating animal, but should be raised with free access to sunshine.  None of these animals should be given hormones or antibiotics.

Half-life: the time in which one half of the atoms of a radioactive isotope disintegrates into another nuclear form. Half-lives vary from billionths of a billionth of a second to billions of years.

Also called physical or radiological half-life.

High Vitamin Butter Oil: low temperature extracted oil from the deep yellow butter fat from grass fed cows.  Contains no milk fat solids.  Very high in "Activator X" which was identified by Dr. Weston A. Price.  This is now thought to be the same as vitamin K2.

Hot Particle: an alpha-emitting radioactive particle that contains sufficient activity to  deliver at least 1000 rem/year to the surrounding tissue.  

How Do I Figure My Luteal Phase: To calculate the length of your luteal phase, simply count the days from ovulation to the start of your next period.  Keep track for a few months, and you will soon know your average.  This number tends to be fairly constant for you.  If your cycle length varies, it is usually due to more or less days in the first half of your cycle before you ovulate.

To calculate your luteal phase length, you must be able to recognize your signs of ovulation.  This skill is very important to learn if you are trying to understand your menstrual cycle or to conceive.  These signs include changes in your cervical mucus and your cervix.  Also, your saliva will show a ferning pattern than can be seen with a simple microscope.  You can use an LH urine stick to identify your LH surge, and you can monitor your temperatures with a basal body thermometer.


Also see: Luteal Phase

How To Increase Sperm Count: good nutrition, manage stress, exercise, maintain proper weight, avoid tobacco and alcohol, avoid drugs, keep your testicles cool, and avoid toxins.

Iodine is a nonmetallic trace element belonging to the halogens (along with chlorine, bromine and fluorine).  It is required for many functions in the body.

IVF

IVF or In-vitro Fertilization. A fertility procedure where human eggs and a suspension of sperm are incubated together in a culture dish (test-tube). Once embryos are formed, they are placed back into the uterus of the female.

LH Surge is the acute rise of luteinizing hormone (LH).  This rise triggers ovulation and the development of  the corpus luteum. You are likely to ovulate within 12-36 hours after the LH surge.

Low sperm count (oligospermia) is one of the main causes of male infertility. Low sperm count means that the fluid (semen) you ejaculate during an orgasm contains fewer sperm than normal. Your sperm count is considered lower than normal if you have fewer than 20 million sperm per milliliter of semen.,



A low sperm count decreases the odds that one of your sperm will fertilize your partner's egg, resulting in pregnancy. Nonetheless, many men who have a low sperm count are still able to father a child.

Luteal Phase (or secretory phase) is the second half of the menstrual cycle.  It begins with ovulation and ends with either pregnancy or menstruation.



Progesterone is the predominant hormone during this phase.

Luteal Phase Calculator: You are the luteal phase calculator.  Only you can determine the length of your luteal phase, no formula or online calculator will do it accurately for you.  Your luteal phase is the length of time after you ovulate until you start your next menstrual period. Some online ovulation calculators will ask for the length of your luteal phase to help you estimate when you are likely to ovulate.

Luteal Phase Defect:  when you have a short luteal phase, short being 11 days or less.

Luteal phase defect is typically caused by low progesterone levels and can lead to infertility and early miscarriages.  Sometimes it is due to high estrogen levels, which means that progesterone is low relative to the high estrogen, even though levels of progesterone may actually be normal.


Also see: Short Luteal Phase

Luteinizing Hormone (also known as LH) is a hormone produced by the anterior pituitary gland.  In females when LH rises (know as the LH surge) ovulation occurs and the corpus luteum develops.



In males it triggers Leydig cell production of testosterone.

Male infertility is when a man cannot produce offspring due to male factors. See "Causes of Male Infertility".

Menometrorrhagia: heavy menstrual bleeding at irregular and infrequent intervals.

Menorrhagia: unusually heavy and/or prolonged menstrual periods at regular intervals (every 25-35 days).   Blood loss of greater than 80 ml or lasting more than 7 days.  As a guide a regular tampon fully soaked will hold about 5ml of blood.

Menstrual Cycle: (aka menstrual period)  A normal menstrual cycle is 25–35 days long, with bleeding lasting up to 7 days, and total blood flow between 25 and 80 mL.  As a guide a regular tampon fully soaked will hold about 5ml of blood.

Metabolic Syndrome:

Central obesity


  • waist:hip ratio > 0.90 (male); > 0.85 (female), or body mass index > 30 kg/m2

  • waist circumference ? 94 cm (male), ? 80 cm (female)


AND any two of the following:

  • Raised triglycerides: > 150 mg/dL (1.7 mmol/L)

  • Reduced HDL cholesterol: < 40 mg/dL in males, < 50 mg/dL in females

  • Raised blood pressure:  >140/90 mm Hg, or treatment of previously diagnosed hypertension.

  • Raised fasting plasma glucose :(FPG)>100 mg/dL, or previously diagnosed type 2 diabetes.


The mind and body are intimately interconnected, and effect each other significantly.  In fact they are really both part of one bigger system, the human organism.  It is impossible to say that something is just in your head, or that it is only a physical complaint.  The holistic nature of who we are has been well documented in science.

Most Fertile Days are the days just before and during ovulation.

Nutrient Dense Foods: Nutrient dense foods are defined by the ratio of nutrients to calories. The more highly nutrient dense a food is, the more nutrients it provides per calorie.

Another factor in defining nutrient dense foods is how important the particular nutrient is to key physiological processes.  The fat soluble vitamins (vitamin A, D, E and K2) and minerals are the most important nutrients to our health.

The most nutrient dense foods include:


  • seafoods, especially shellfish and fish eggs (wild, not farmed)

  • liver and other organ meats (from grass fed animals)

  • egg yolks (from chickens eating greens and bugs)

  • Raw dairy products, especially butter (from grass fed animals)

  • Naturally raised meats: beef, lamb, poultry, pork and wild game



Nutrition is the process of being nourished.  It is especially the process by which a living organism assimilates food and uses it for growth, regeneration and repair.

Oligomenorrhea: menstrual periods occurring at intervals of greater than 35 days, with nine or less periods in a year. Also, menstrual periods should have been regularly established previously before the development of infrequent flow.

Osteoporosis is a systemic skeletal disease. It can be best described as a deterioration in bone mass and of its structure. The bones become extremely porous, are subject to fracture, and heal slowly. It is most common in women following menopause and often leads to curvature of the spine from vertebral collapse.

There is much you can do for osteoporosis prevention .



Exercise is very important, especially weight bearing exercise and resistance training. This could be traditional weight lifting, but could also be gardening, moving dirt, moving boxes, jumping against gravity, or climbing hills or stairs. Anything that causes you to use your muscles, which pull on the bones, will then encourage the bones to grow stronger. Exercises that increase your balance are also important, such as standing on one foot, swinging, dancing, gardening, or even rocking in a rocking chair.



Nutrition is critical for osteoporosis prevention. The principles described in “Nourishing Traditions” by Sally Fallon are an excellent guide. Also, you can find excellent information on osteoporosis and nutrition at the website of the Weston A. Price Foundation. This site is an excellent source for understanding optimum nutrition, based on sound principles.



Specific nutrients that are critical to include in your diet are the fat soluble vitamins: vitamin A, D, E, and K2. The best food sources include liver, shell fish, fatty fish (salmon, mackerel, sardines, herring, anchovies), fish eggs, butter and cream, egg yolks, and pork fat. For these foods to be healthy they need to come from pasture raised animals. Healthy animal fats are critical sources of nutrition, as you can see.



Avoid low fat foods. Eat only full fat dairy products. Butter, raw cream, and crème fraiche are excellent. Eat the skin with the chicken, choose fatty cuts of meat (and eat the fat), put butter on your vegetables, and add a high fat dressing to salads.



Avoid vegetable oils, except some unheated olive oil. Healthy fats do not make you fat, they are nutrient dense calories. Eat less of other foods, and enjoy the benefit of how satisfied you feel. I will discuss the importance of fat in many articles.



Get plenty of minerals in your diet. The health of the soil affects the mineral content of our food, so local, organic and biodynamic are best. The best sources of minerals include raw milk products, bone broth and bone meal, sea foods and seaweeds, organ meats, meats, green leafy vegetables, fruits, nuts, seeds, and whole grains. Minerals require fat soluble vitamins (vitamin A, D, E and K2) for absorption.



All grains should be unrefined and be soaked, sprouted or sourdough. This will deactivate the chemicals naturally present in seeds that interfere with absorption of nutrients.



Make bone broth regularly, and include at least 1 cup every day, preferably some with each meal. This will help to improve your digestion and absorption of all of the nutrients in your diet. Your post-menopausal weight should be 10 to 20 pounds over your healthy pre-menopausal weight.



Being too skinny or overweight are both not ideal. Do not desire to be too thin. Notice the societal pressure, and mentally reject these images from the media and people’s remarks. See yourself as strong and robust. Enjoy eating rich foods, and the invaluable nutrition and vigorous metabolism they provide.



Avoid all processed foods. Do not eat pasta, white bread, dry breakfast cereals, cookies or pastries. Avoid caffeine and alcohol. And, of course, do not smoke. See an osteopath who can give you osteopathic treatments (link here to find an osteopath in your area). This will support be a huge support to your vibrant health. See additional posts on the benefits of osteopathy.

Ovary is the reproductive organ in the female that produces the egg.  It is also an endocrine gland, producing the hormones estrogen and progesterone.



There are two, and they are attached to the outer layer of the uterus via the ovarian ligaments.  They release the egg into the fallopian tube.



It is analogous to the testis in a male.

Ovulation is when a ripe egg is released from the ovary. This is when you are most likely to be fertile.

Ovulation Calculator: an online tool that helps you predict your most fertile days by projecting the day on which you will ovulate.  The calculation is based on the length of your menstrual cycle and the first day of your last menstrual period. It is only accurate if you have a regular menstrual cycle, with the same number of days between each period.

Also known as a fertility days calculator.

Ovulation Calendar:  tracking your menstrual cycle, most likely ovulation day and most fertile days into a monthly calendar format.



Ovulation Predictor: Any tool that helps you determine when you are ovulating can be called an ovulation predictor.

Here is a list of some of the common ovulation predictors.


  • ovulation calendar

  • ovulation calculator

  • basal thermometer

  • saliva ferning microscope

  • urine LH stick, identifies LH surge



Also see: Ovulation Predictor Kit, Fertility Monitor

Ovulation Predictor Kit: a test to determine your upcoming ovulation and most fertile days. The most common type tests hormones in your urine (urine LH stick). You simply pee on the stick (similar to a home pregnancy test) and it measures the LH surge. This surge of hormone warns you that the egg will be released soon and ready to be fertilized.

See fertility monitor for other examples. These terms are often used interchangeably. You can purchase ovulation predictor kits in your local drugstore or online.


Also see: Fertility Monitor, Ovulation Predictor

Paleo Diet: short for Paleolithic Diet.  Based on the presumed ancient diet of wild plants and animals that  human species consumed during the Paleolithic era—a period of about 2.5 million years duration that ended around 10,000 years ago with the development of agriculture.



Also known as the caveman diet, primal diet, hunter gatherer diet, stone age diet and primitive diet.

PCOS or Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome:

PCOS affects approximately 5%-10% of women of reproductive age (12–45 years old) and is thought to be one of the leading causes of female subfertility.

You are considered to have PCOS if you have 2 out of 3 of the following:


  • polycystic ovaries

  • signs of elevated testosterone - excess hair, acne and sometimes obesity

  • irregular menstrual cycles and/or anovulation (lack of ovulation)


Perspiration Change Monitor:  measures changes in chloride-ion levels of perspiration on the skin

Pregnancy Wheel:  a fun and simple tool that will help you keep track of ovulation and your pregnancy too.



Prenatal Vitamins:  supplements intended to be taken before and while trying to conceive, during pregnancy, and while breastfeeding.

Prenatal Yoga:  helps strengthen the mind,body and soul for conception, pregnancy and childbirth.  It often aids in relieving the common discomforts your body experiences during pregnancy.



Yoga refers to traditional physical and mental disciplines that originated in India.  The word yoga implies joining or integrating all aspects of the individual - mind, body and soul - to achieve a happy, balanced and useful life, and spiritually, uniting the individual with the supreme.



What is commonly referred to as yoga can be more accurately described by the Sanskrit word asana which refers to the practice of physical postures or poses.





Radiation Sickness is damage to your body caused by a very large dose of radiation often received over a short period of time (acute).  The amount of radiation absorbed by the body determines how sick you'll be.

Radiation sickness occurs with as little as 100 RADS.  To put this into perspective one chest x-ray is approximately .03 RADS.  One CT scan is 1 RAD.

Radical Nutrition gets to the root of the nutrients and foods that support your vibrant health.



This includes the fat soluble vitamins and minerals .  The best food sources include high quality animal products - shellfish, eggs, fish eggs, organ meat (liver), grass fed meat, butter and other dairy products from grass fed animals.  Choose organic vegetables grown in mineral rich soil.



This approach is based on understanding human physiology, current research, and the history of what people have eaten for thousands of years. Our physiology and genetics have not changed for at least 400,000 years. The diet of humans has always included animal products (including reptiles and insects), plants and seeds. This diet has been called the paleo diet, paleolithic diet, caveman diet, primal diet, hunter gatherer diet, stone age diet and primitive diet.

Saliva Electrolyte Monitor: measures changes in the electrolytes in your saliva.  These changes occur even before your LH surge, and this method will give you the most warning that ovulation is approaching.



Saliva Ferning Microscope:  a simple microscope lens that lets you observe changes in your saliva.  When you are fertile the electrolytes in your saliva will form a ferning pattern when dry.

Scrotum:  the sac that contains the testicles, epididymis and vas deferens

Semen is the combination of sperm and glandular fluid released by the urethra when a man ejaculates

Semen Analysis measures the amount of semen a man produces and determines the number and quality of sperm in the sample.

Also see Sperm Test.


Also see: Sperm Test Kit, Sperm Test

Short Luteal Phase: see Luteal Phase Defect


Also see: Luteal Phase Defect

Signs of ovulation include:



Cervical mucus is the discharge from the vagina.  This mucus is necessary to keep the sperm alive until it is able to meet up with the egg after it is released from the ovary.  When you are fertile this mucus will become thick and slippery.  It often is like raw egg whites, and may stretch an inch or more between your fingers.  It is like this during your most fertile days, and is often called fertile mucus.



Cervix changes take some time to recognize.  When you are fertile your cervix will be wet (from the fertile mucus), higher, softer and more open.  You can feel your cervix at the top of your vagina.



Saliva ferning occurs when you are fertile, due to salt crystals.  The term ferning describes what these salt crystals look like under a microscope after your saliva dries.  You need a 50x lens to see these patterns.  You can get a small microscope designed just for this.



Hormone changes also happen when you are approaching your most fertile days.  An Ovulation Predictor Kit is designed to identify these changes in hormones that predict ovulation.  Ovulation is the technical term for the release of the egg from the ovary.  The most common type of kit measures the LH surge, when the Luteinizing Hormone level rises.

Sperm a male reproductive cell; spermatozoon

Sperm Antibodies (aka antisperm antibodies):  Immunological substances that can inhibit sperm movement and function.

Sperm Test: This is a test that evaluates the quality of the male's sperm.  A thorough test done by a physician is also known as a semen analysis.  It evaluates the amount of semen (volume), the number of sperm (sperm count), and the quality of those sperm (shape and movement).

A sperm test kit will only tell you if the sperm count is in the “normal” range (above 20 million sperm per milliliter).  They do not give any specific numbers of how many sperm are actually present.  And they tell you nothing about the volume of semen and quality of the sperm.


Also see: Sperm Test Kit, Semen Analysis

Sperm Test Kitfor checking the concentration of sperm in semen, in the privacy of your own home. A positive result means that your sperm count is above 20 million sperm per milliliter of semen.   Less than 20 million is a negative result and signifies a potential low sperm count.  If negative more testing by your physician may be needed.


Also see: Semen Analysis, Sperm Test

SpermCheck: one brand of home sperm test kit.  Easy to use and quick, results available in minutes.  The test is positive if sperm numbers are above 20 million sperm per milliliter, the threshold for sperm count to be in the "normal" range.  But this test does not give information about sperm quality, which evaluates the morphology (shape) and motility (movement). Use this test for a starting point, but further evaluation with a doctor is important.



Also see: Sperm Test Kit

Supplements are preparations intended to supplement the diet and provide nutrients. A supplement may include vitamins and minerals, fiber, fatty acids or amino acids. It may also include hormones and herbs. It may be a concentrate, metabolite, constituent, extract or combination of any of these.



They may not be derived from foods at all, but are actually chemicals artificially produced.



Synonymous with "Dietary Supplements"

Trying to conceive (ttc) is attempting to become pregnant.



The first 2 steps are learning to understand your menstrual cycle, and maximize your health.

Urine Electrolyte Monitor:  based on detection of a pre-determined level of estrogen in the urine

Urine LH Stick:  a simple test, widely available and inexpensive.  It measures the LH surge which precedes ovulation by 12-36 hours.



Uterus: a hollow muscular organ within your pelvic cavity.  It is within the uterus that the embryo implants and grows into a full-term baby.  The narrow, lower portion of the uterus is the cervix.  It projects into the vaginal canal, and the opening is called the os.

Varicocele is an enlargement of veins that drain blood from the testicle back to the heart. It can feel like a bag of worms in the testicle, and may or may not cause enlargement. This condition is present in 15% of the male population and is often harmless and causes no symptoms. It is present in 40% of infertile men, and may cause abnormal sperm. Many treatments are possible.

Vas Deferens are the tubes that carry sperm from the testicle to the urethra (the tube running from the bladder to the penis that carries urine and semen)

Vasectomy a surgical procedure that provides infertility by blocking the transport of sperm from the testicles to the urethra via the vas deferens

Vasectomy Reversal reconnects the ducts that carry sperm from the testicles into the semen

Vibrant Health: Vibrant means full of energy and enthusiasm; vigorous, lively, vital.  Health is defined as a person's mental and physical condition.

Health alone often implies simply being free of illness or injury.  It does not further describe the quality of what that state of being is.  What sounds better to you?  Do you want to be free of illness or injury?

Or do you want to be full of energy and vigor with regard to your mental and physical condition?  This is what is possible and is actually your birthright.

Vibrant Nutrition is nutrition that provides the nutrients we need to enjoy the full expression of our innate potential.  This diet includes an abundance of fat soluble vitamins (vitamins A, D, E and K2) and minerals, and much more.  The best and most available sources of the fat soluble vitamins are shellfish and some fish, eggs, organ meat, raw dairy products and animal meats.  All animal products need to come from healthy animals eating their natural diet, untreated with hormones or antibiotics, and minimally processed.   The best and most available sources of minerals are vegetables grown in nutrient rich soils, raw dairy products, and bone broth.  Read the articles on Vibrant Nutrition for details on this critical information for all aspects of your Vibrant Health.

What If My Luteal Phase Is Short: You have what is known as a Luteal Phase Defect.


Also see: Luteal Phase Defect

When Does Ovulation Occur? If a woman has a predictable 28 day cycle, it occurs on day 14, the middle of her cycle. Usually a more accurate description is that ovulation occurs two weeks before the start of the next menstruation. So if you have a long cycle you will ovulate later, and with a short cycle it will be earlier.



There are many techniques that help to identify ovulation, such as charting your signs of ovulation and using a fertility monitor.

Xenohormones: These are chemicals in the environment (environmental toxins) that mimic your hormones and cause unnatural effects.

Yoga refers to traditional physical and mental disciplines that originated in India. The word yoga implies joining or integrating all aspects of the individual - mind, body and soul - to achieve a happy, balanced and useful life, and spiritually, uniting the individual with the supreme.



What is commonly referred to as yoga can be more accurately described by the Sanskrit word asana which refers to the practice of physical postures or poses.